Powdery Mildew…


I’ve learned from this article in the Almanac what is affecting my zucchini – powdery mildew!  I pasted a snippet of the article below.  I really need to get a handle on this! in my own garden!  What I’ve thought was the natural end-of-life for the plants may actually be more due to damage by powdery mildew the entire time…



  • Plants infected with powdery mildew look as if they have been dusted with flour.
  • Powdery mildew usually starts off as circular, powdery white spots, which can appear on leaves, stems, and sometimes fruit.
  • Powdery mildew usually covers the upper part of the leaves, but may grow on the undersides as well.
  • Young foliage is most susceptible to damage. Leaves turn yellow and dry out.
  • The fungus might cause some leaves to twist, break, or become disfigured.
  • The white spots of powdery mildew will spread to cover most of the leaves or affected areas.
  • The leaves, buds, and growing tips will become disfigured as well. These symptoms usually appear late in the growing season.

Powdery mildew first appears as small white spots on the upper part of the leaves. Photo Credit: The Regents of the University of California, UC Davis.



  • Remove all the infected plant parts and destroy them. Remember, do not compost any infected plant, as the disease can still be spread by the wind and persist in the composted materials.
  • Spray infected plants with fungicides. Effective organic fungicides for treating powdery mildew include sulfur, lime-sulfur, neem oil, and potassium bicarbonate.


  • Choose plants that are resistant or tolerant to powdery mildew. Many mildew-resistant varieties of cucurbits (melonscucumberssquash, etc.) have been developed and can be bought from major seed suppliers.
  • Avoid watering plants from overhead in order to reduce relative humidity.
  • Selectively prune overcrowded areas to increase air circulation; this also helps to reduce humidity around your plants.
  • Spray your plants with the fungicides mentioned above according to the directions included with the products.
  • If you don’t want to use fungicides, try spraying your plants with a bicarbonate solution:
    • Mix 1 teaspoon baking soda in 1 quart of water. Spray plants thoroughly, as the solution will only kill fungus that it comes into contact with.”


Today’s Spanish Word of the Day is…

Today’s Spanish Word of the Day is “escudriñar”, meaning “to scrutinize, to examine; to search”. In Italian, “esaminare” (to examine, to analyze; to test) & “scrutare” (to scrutinize, to inspect; to investigate) are used; while in Portuguese, “perscrutar” (to examine closely, to look curiously into something), “escrutar” (to scrutinize) & “epsquadrinhar” (to investigate, to scan, to scrutinize) are appropriate.

hashtag#spanish hashtag#italian hashtag#portuguese hashtag#translation hashtag#vocabulary hashtag#language

Fall Planting…

This is an informative article about planting a fall garden.  If you haven’t already, it’s not too late to put out some lettuce, etc.!  There is time before the frost still.  Some plants, like broccoli, can survive light frosts & if you’ve left them in the ground & cut of the blooms, they may start producing again – this has happened for me anyways.  This year the timing did not work to pull them & start new plants for the fall.


Lillies can also be planted in the fall if it’s at least three weeks before the first frost. https://www.almanac.com/plant/lilies

Today’s Spanish Word of the Day is…

Today’s Spanish Word of the Day is “arrojar”, meaning “to throw, toss, to hurl; to generate, to bring; to emit, to give off, to throw off, to emit, to spew out (lava), to belch out (smoke); to vomit. The reflexive arrojarse means “to jump, to throw yourself, to hurl yourself; to lunge, to fling yourself, to hurt yourself. In Italian, various terms are used including: “lanciare” (stones, baseball), “gettare” (garbage); “buttare” (smoke), “cacciare (via)” (person), “dare” (to give). The reflexive “gettarsi” means “to throw, toss; to throw yourself, to fall into; to fall onto; to flow; to bud; to lay (the foundation of a home). In Portuguese, “expulsar” (to expel, to banish), “arremessar” (to fling, to dart, to launch), “produzir” (produce a result), “projetar” (to project light), “botar para fora” (to vomit). hashtag#spanish hashtag#italian hashtag#portuguese hashtag#translation

Today’s Spanish Word of the Day is…

Today’s Spanish Word of the Day is “soborno”, meaning “bribery, subornation; bribe; kickback, hush money (informal)”.  In Italian, “bustarella”, meaning “bribe” & “corruzione”, meaning “corruption; bribery; payola (implying music industry corruption); graft (type of political corruption – the obtaining of money or advantage by dishonest or unfair means, esp. through the abuse of one’s position or influence, as in politics; money or advantage acquired in this manner); decay, decomposition”.  In Portuguese,  “suborno” (meaning “bribery, suborning”) & “sobrecarga” (referring to a supercargo – “an officer on a merchant ship who supervises commercial matters and is in charge of the cargo”).

We’re at the end of the year & now is a time when some summer plants may be dying.  I know I pulled one of my zucchini plants yesterday because many of its leaves were dead.  Some flowers though, are just beginning to bloom.  Additionally, since I was forced to put my tomatoes out late this year, the plants are just beginning to produce fruit.  Hopefully with the warm year they will still have some time to produce before it gets too cold.

My potted peppermint is doing great, but it’s also flowering.  If your peppermint flowers, you need to snip the buds off if you want to prolong its life cycle.  It may produce for a good while longer & consider bringing it inside for the winter if you live in an area with colder winters.  It still needs to die for the winter, but it will come back if it is brought inside & protected from the deep cold.

Consider what flowers & vegetables you might like to harvest seeds from.  Choose the plants that die the latest in the season.  You can cover the flower heads with a Ziploc bag, but wait until they die.  You shouldn’t wait too terribly long to cover them with a bag once that happens so it’s there when they drop seeds.  I know I have a sunflower that is super large this year; I’d like to get seeds from it, but it’s super tall & I have to figure out how to cut it down…

#spanish #italian #portuguese #soborno #bribe

Spanish Word of the Day

Today’s Spanish Word of the Day is “amedrentar(se)” meaning “to scare, to frighten; to get scared (reflexive)”. In Italian the appropriate word is “impaurire”, with the same meaning as the Spanish word. “Impaurirsi”, the reflexive, has the same definition. In Portuguese, “amendrontar” (meaning “to frighten”), “assister” (meaning “to scare, to frighten; to spook; to alarm, to startle”), & “atemorizar” (meaning “to intimidate, to to frighten; to daunt; to fill with terror” are used.

#spanish #italian #portuguese #vocabulary #language #translation

The Challenge of Idioms

The Mystery of Euskara…

There is a lot of mystery related to this language – it has no relation to any other language in the world.

http://www.bbc.com/…/20170719-the-mysterious-origins-of-eur… – Comparison from BBC of Basque & surrounding European languages. Basque is very distinct.

About this article


When Gen Francisco Franco banned the use of the ancient Euskara language, residents of the Basque Country fought to keep it alive.

Horses From Civil War Reenactment


I greatly enjoyed this article!  It is a description of a reenactment of Civil War battles where they actually use horses to pull artillery (which is appropriate for the time period) rather than using trucks.  It also describes a Standardbred rescue, because Standardbreds fit the details that are known about the horses that pulled artillery on the battlefield.  This facility uses retired Standardbred trotters that are retrained.  Not all horses adjust to the sound of bombing & gunfire & they seek new homes for those that just aren’t suited to a military lifestyle.

https://www.warhorse.org/ – site of the California Historical Artillery Society

They are “one of only a handful of units in the world to portray how light artillery historically operated.” (CHAS, https://www.warhorse.org/, viewed 08/07/2018)

%d bloggers like this: